• When possible, preserve fresh, locally-grown apples for the best quality and nutritional value. Determine when fresh apples are available where you live with this seasonal food guide.   

1. Selection

Sliced Apples

  • An average of 19 pounds is needed per canner load of 7 quarts; an average of 12-1/4 pounds is needed per canner load of 9 pints. A bushel weighs 48 pounds and yields 16 to 19 quarts-an average of 2-3/4 pounds per quart.
  • Select apples that are juicy, crispy, and preferably both sweet and tart.

Applesauce

  • An average of 21 pounds is needed per canner load of 7 quarts; an average of 13½ pounds is needed per canner load of 9 pints. A bushel weighs 48 pounds and yields 14 to 19 quarts of sauce – an average of 3 pounds per quart.
  • Select apples that are sweet, juicy and crisp. For a tart flavor, add 1 to 2 pounds of tart apples to each 3 pounds of sweeter fruit.

 

Recipes

If this is your first time canning or it has been awhile, it is recommended that you read Using Boiling Water Canners and General Canning Information before beginning.  

2. Ingredients

  • 19 pounds of apples (makes 7 quarts)
  • 12 1/4 pounds of apples (makes 9 pints)
  • For anti-darkening solution, any of the following:
    • Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C)- 1 teaspoon crystalline or 3,000 mg Vitamin C tablets- dissolve in 1 gallon of water
    • Commercial anti-darkening product- a mixture of citric and ascorbic acid- follow manufacturer's directions
    • 3/4 cup bottled lemon juice- mix in 1 gallon water
  • Sugar (optional) see table below for preparing and using syrup or adding directly to prepared fruit
Measure of Water and Sugar for Syrup
Syrup Type For 9 Pints       (or 4 Quarts) For 7 Quarts
  Cups Water Cups Sugar Cups Water Cups Sugar
Very Light 6-1/2 3/4 10-1/2 1-1/4
Light 5-3/4 1-1/2 9 2-1/4
Medium 5-1/4 2-1/4 8-1/4 3-3/4
Heavy  5 3-1/4 7-3/4 5-1/4

If using syrup for canned apple slices, a very light, light or medium syrup is recommended.

3. Equipment

  • Water bath canner: Large covered pot (with a tight-fitting cover and a rack) that is deep enough to cover the rack and canning jars by 1 to 2 inches of boiling water. (At least 10 inches deep for pint jars, and 12 inches deep for quart jars.)
  • Canning jars: Use standard canning jars without cracks or chips (see recipe for sizes)
  • Lids and bands: Bands can be reused if they are in good shape, but lids must be new to ensure a proper seal
  • Long-handled spoon
  • Bowl (for anti-darkening solution)
  • Colander (for draining fruit)
  • Wide-mouth funnel
  • Jar lifter (for moving jars into/out of canner)
  • Lid wand (magnetic tool used to transfer lids to jars)
  • Bubble freer, or a plastic or rubber knife-like utensil (for removing air from food)
  • Ruler for measuring headspace (some bubble removers include this feature)
  • Large covered pot (for hot pack syrup)
  • Medium pot for extra boiling water
  • Towels or wire rack for cooling jars
  • Paper towels
  • Hot pads
  • Cutting board
  • Knives
  • Timer or clock

4. Prepare Canning Equipment

Water Bath Canner-

  • Assemble and wash equipment and containers.
    • Wash canning jars in soapy water, rinse, and keep hot. (This can be done in a dishwasher or by placing jars in the water that is heating in your canner.)
  • Follow manufacturer’s instructions for preparing lids.
  • Place rack in the bottom of a boiling water canner. Fill the canner approximately half full with clean warm water for a canner load of pint jars. For other sizes and numbers of jars, you will need to adjust the amount of water so it will be 1 to 2 inches over the top of the filled jars.
  • Center the canner over the burner and preheat the water to 180 degrees F for hot-packed foods.
  • In medium pot, boil some extra water to use later, as needed, to cover the jars.
  • Begin preparing food for your jars while this water is preheating.

5. Prepare Ingredients

Hot Pack-with syrup

  • Prepare syrup if desired-apple slices can also be canned in water.
  • Wash, peel, core, and slice apples.
  • To prevent discoloration, dip sliced apples into anti-darkening solution. (see Ingredients above for making solution). Drain.  
  • Place drained slices in a large pot and add boiling water or syrup. (Approximately 1 pint syrup or water per 5 pounds apples-refer to table above in Ingredients section.) 
  • Bring to a boil. Boil 5 minutes, stirring occasionally to prevent burning.

6. Pack Jars

  • Fill jars with hot apple slices and syrup or boiling water, leaving 1/2-inch headspace.
  • Remove air bubbles.
  • Add more liquid, if needed, for 1/2-inch headspace.
  • Wipe rim with clean, wet paper towel.
  • Place lid on jar and add screw band. Screw the band down fingertip tight- not too loose nor too tight. Follow lid manufacturer's directions for tightening the jar lids properly.

7. Process Jars

Water Bath Canner-

  • With jar lifter, place jars on canning rack in large pot, which is filled with hot water. Jars should not touch each other.
  • Add or remove boiling water as needed until jars are covered by 1" - 2".
  • Turn heat to high and bring to a vigorous boil. Set timer for correct processing time. Refer to the tables below for processing time for your elevation and jar size.
  • Cover canner with lid and lower heat setting to maintain a gentle boil throughout processing time.
  • When processing time is up, turn off heat and remove canner lid. Wait 5 minutes before removing jars to allow contents to settle.
  • Using a jar lifter, remove jars one at a time. Do not tilt jars. Place jars on a cooling rack or towel, leaving at least one inch space between. Avoid placing jars on a cold surface or near a cold draft. 
  • Allow the jars to cool untouched, away from drafts, for 12 to 24 hours before testing lid seals.
  • Once cool, remove the screw bands and check the seal.
  • If any jars did not seal, treat as if 'fresh' and do any of the following:
    • Eat the food immediately.
    • Refrigerate food and use within a week.
    • Freeze.
    • Reprocess. If reprocessing, must repeat the entire canning process.

8. Store

  • With clean cloth or paper towel, wipe jars and lids to remove all residues.
  • Label with date and processing method.
  • Store in a cool, dark place, where there is no danger of freezing.
  • Stored properly, canned fruits should retain their quality for about 1 year.

Not sure of your elevation? Click here

Boiling water bath (hot pack)-Pints or Quarts
0-1,000 ft 1,001-3,000 ft 3,001-6,000 ft 6,001-9,000 ft
20 minutes 25 minutes 30 minutes 35 minutes

If this is your first time canning or it has been awhile, it is recommended that you read Using Boiling Water Canners and General Canning Information before beginning.  

2. Ingredients

  • 21 pounds of apples (makes 7 quarts)
  • 13 1/2 pounds of apples (makes 9 pints)
  • For anti-darkening solution, one of the following:
    • Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C)- 1 teaspoon crystalline or 3,000 mg Vitamin C tablets- dissolve in 1 gallon of water
    • Commercial anti-darkening product- a mixture of citric and ascorbic acid- follow manufacturer's directions
    • 3/4 cup bottled lemon juice- mix in 1 gallon water
  • Sugar (optional) 1/8 cup per quart of applesauce

3. Equipment

  • Water bath canner: Large covered pot (with a tight-fitting cover and a rack) that is deep enough to cover the rack and canning jars by 1 to 2 inches of boiling water. (At least 10 inches deep for pint jars, and 12 inches deep for quart jars.)
  • Canning jars: Use standard canning jars without cracks or chips (see recipe for sizes)
  • Lids and bands: Bands can be reused if they are in good shape, but lids must be new to ensure a proper seal
  • Long-handled spoon
  • Bowl (for anti-darkening solution)
  • Colander (for draining fruit)
  • Sieve or food mill (optional)
  • Wide-mouth funnel
  • Jar lifter for removing hot jars from the canner
  • Lid wand (magnetic tool used to transfer lids to jars)
  • Bubble freer, or a plastic or rubber knife-like utensil (for removing air from food)
  • Ruler for measuring headspace (some bubble freers include this feature)
  • Large covered pot (for hot pack syrup)
  • Medium pot for extra boiling water
  • Towels or wire rack for cooling jars
  • Paper towels
  • Hot pads
  • Cutting board
  • Knives
  • Timer or clock

4. Prepare Canning Equipment

Water Bath Canner-

  • Assemble and wash equipment and containers.
    • Wash canning jars in soapy water, rinse, and keep hot. (This can be done in a dishwasher or by placing jars in the water that is heating in your canner.)
  • Follow manufacturer’s instructions for preparing lids.
  • Place rack in the bottom of a boiling water canner. Fill the canner approximately half full with clean warm water for a canner load of pint jars. For other sizes and numbers of jars, you will need to adjust the amount of water so it will be 1 to 2 inches over the top of the filled jars.
  • Center the canner over the burner and preheat the water to 140 degrees F for raw-packed foods and to 180 degrees F for hot-packed foods.
  • In medium pot, boil some extra water to use later, as needed, to cover the jars or fruit.
  • Begin preparing food for your jars while this water is preheating.

5. Prepare Ingredients

  • Wash, peel, and core apples.
  • To prevent discoloration, dip sliced apples into anti-darkening solution. (see Ingredients above for making solution). Drain. 

6. Pack Jars

  • Raw packs make poor quality products.
  • Hot pack - Place drained slices in large saucepan and add 1/2 cup water.
    • Boil 5-20 minutes until tender, stirring occasionally to prevent burning.
    • Press slices through sieve or food mill, or if chunk-style is preferred, skip this step.
    • If desired, add 1/8 cup sugar per quart of sauce. Taste and add more if preferred.
    • Reheat sauce to boiling.
    • Fill jars with hot applesauce, leaving 1/2-inch headspace. 
    • Remove air bubbles.
    • Add more sauce if needed for 1/2-inch headspace.
    • Wipe rims.
    • Adjust lids.

7. Process Jars

  • With jar lifter, place jars on canning rack in large pot, which is filled with hot water. Jars should not touch each other.
  • Add or remove boiling water as needed until jars are covered by 1" - 2".
  • Turn heat to high and bring to a vigorous boil. Set timer for correct processing time. Refer to the tables below for processing time for your elevation and jar size.
  • Cover canner with lid and lower heat setting to maintain a gentle boil throughout processing time.
  • When processing time is up, turn off heat and remove canner lid. Wait 5 minutes before removing jars to allow contents to settle.
  • Using a jar lifter, remove jars one at a time. Do not tilt jars. Place jars on a cooling rack or towel, leaving at least one inch space between. Avoid placing jars on a cold surface or near a cold draft.
  • Allow the jars to cool untouched, away from drafts, for 12 to 24 hours before testing lid seals.
  • Once cool, remove the screw bands and check the seal.
  • If any jars did not seal, treat as if 'fresh' and do any of the following:
    • Eat the food immediately.
    • Refrigerate food and use within a week.
    • Freeze.
    • Reprocess. If reprocessing, must repeat the entire canning process.

8. Store

  • With clean cloth or paper towel, wipe jars and lids to remove all residues. 
  • Label with date and processing method. 
  • Store in a cool, dark place, where there is no danger of freezing.
  • Stored properly, canned fruits should retain their quality for about 1 year.

Not sure of your elevation? Click here

Boiling water bath (hot pack)-Pints
0-1,000 ft 1,001-3,000 ft 3,001-6,000 ft 6,001-9,000 ft
15 minutes 20 minutes 20 minutes 25 minutes
Boiling water bath (hot pack)- Quarts
0-1,000 ft 1,001-3,000 ft 3,001-6,000 ft 6,001-9,000 ft
20 minutes 25 minutes 30 minutes 35 minutes